Apple Box (Eucalyptus Bridgesiana)

Eucalyptus bridgesiana, commonly known as Apple Box or But-but, is a medium to large sized tree of the genus Eucalyptus. It occurs in south eastern Australia, typically in grassy woodland and near watercourses around the lower slopes of the Great Dividing Range. The bark of the Apple Box is generally rough and course, with the … Read more

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Australian Blackwood (Acacia Melanoxylon)

Acacia melanoxylon, commonly known as the Australian Blackwood, is an Acacia species native in South eastern Australia. The species is also known as Blackwood, hickory, mudgerabah, Tasmanian Blackwood, or blackwood acacia. The tree belongs to the Plurinerves section of Acacia and is one of the most wide ranging tree species in eastern Australia.

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Australian Indigo (Indigofera australis)

Indigofera australis, the Australian indigo or Austral indigo, is an attractive species of leguminous shrub in the genus Indigofera (family Fabaceae). The genus name Indigofera is Neo-Latin for “bearing Indigo” (Indigo is a purple dye originally obtained from some Indigofera species). Australis, from the Latin, means not “Australian” but “southern”, referring to the geographical distribution … Read more

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Black Wattle (Acacia Mearnsii)

A. mearnsii plays an important role in the ecosystem in its native Australia. As a pioneer plant it quickly binds the erosion-prone soil following the bushfires that are common in its Australian habitats. Like other leguminous plants, it fixes the atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. Other woodland species can rapidly use these increased nitrogen levels … Read more

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Blakely’s Red Gum (Eucalyptus blakelyi)

Eucalyptus blakelyi is a common tree species in the grassy woodlands of the western slopes on the tablelands of New South Wales and Victoria. In Queensland it occurs in the Stanthorpe area. This species can attain up to 25 m in height and prefers alluvial flats, midslope terrain or depressions with seasonal water flows. It is often … Read more

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Bottlebrush “Sugar Candy” (Callistemon sieberi)

Bottlebrush Sugar Candy (Callistemon sieberi OR Melaleuca paludicola) is a plant in the myrtle family and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is a shrub or small tree with flexible, often drooping branches, pinkish new growth and spikes of cream, pale yellow, or sometimes pink flowers in summer. It is a shrub or tree growing … Read more

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Buloke (Allocasuarina Luehmanii)

Description The evergreen tree typically grows to a height of 10 to 20 metres (33 to 66 ft) and usually produces a clear trunk. It is moderately to long-lived, usually over 15 years with a moderate growth rate. It is dioecious with male and female flowers on separate plants, which flowers in spring. It is … Read more

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Cauliflower Bush (Cassinia longifolia)

Cassinia longifolia is a plant native to eastern Australia

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Common Eutaxia (Eutaxia Microphylla)

Eutaxia microphylla, also known as common eutaxia, is a shrub species in the family Fabaceae. The species is endemic to Australia. The plants grow to between 30 and 40 centimetres high. The small, grey green, narrow to ovate leaves are 2.3 to 4 mm long and 0.6 to 0.9 mm wide. The single pea flowers … Read more

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Creswick Apple Box (Eucalyptus aromaphloia)

Eucalyptus aromaphloia, commonly known as Creswick apple-box, scented bark or scent-bark, is a species of plant in the myrtle family that is endemic to Victoria. It is a tree with rough, densely fibrous bark on the trunk and branches, lance-shaped or curved adult leaves, oval to spindle-shaped flower buds in groups of seven, white flowers … Read more

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Deane’s Wattle (Acacia Deanei)

Deane’s wattle  (Acacia deanei)  is a tree native to Australia, which is useful for controlling soil erosion.  The shrub or tree has a spreading to erect habit and typically grows to height of 1.5 to 7 m and has smooth grey-brown to green coloured bark. It has angled to terete ridged branchlets with tiny yellow to whitish hairs. … Read more

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Drooping Sheoak (Allocasuarina verticillata)

Allocasuarina verticillata, commonly known as drooping she-oak or drooping sheoak, is a nitrogen fixing native tree of southeastern Australia. Originally collected in Tasmania and described as Casuarina verticillata by French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1786, it was moved to its current genus in 1982 by Australian botanist Lawrie Johnson. The 1889 book ‘The Useful Native Plants of Australia records common names of the plant included “Shingle Oak,” … Read more

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Flat topped yate (Eucalyptus Occidentalis)

The tree or mallee typically grows to height of 4 to 25 metres (13 to 82 ft) with the diameter of approximately 0.5 metres (1.6 ft). The form of the tree is to usually have a short trunk which branches fairly low to form several stout primary branches. The canopy is predominantly terminal, giving the … Read more

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Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha)

Acacia pycnantha occurs across much of Victoria and southeastern South Australia, including Eyre Peninsula and Kangaroo Island, with some extension into southern inland New South Wales, and at Mt Jerrabomba in the Australia Capital Territory. There is an putative natural occurrence near Broken Hill, in western New South Wales. It has become naturalised in many areas … Read more

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Grey Box (Eucalyptus Microcarpa)

Eucalyptus microcarpa, or grey box, is a species of Eucalyptus which is endemic to Australia. Alternative common names for this species include gum-topped box, inland grey box, narrow-leaved box, and western grey box. It is a spreading tree which has fibrous grey bark on the trunk and lower branches, but has smooth, grey-brown bark on … Read more

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Hakea Wattle (Acacia Hakeoides)

Shrub or tree 1-6m tall. ‘Leaves’ alternating up the branches, 4-12cm long, 3-12mm wide, flat, sometimes linear, hairless, with a rounded tip. Flower heads yellow, globular, in 20-27 flowered racemes, the stalks arising from the bases of the ‘leaves’. Description and photo in G.M. Cunningham, WE Mulham, PL Milthorpe and J H Leigh (1981 and … Read more

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Hickory Wattle (Acacia Implexa)

Acacia implexa is a widespread species in eastern Australia, extending from an outlier on the Atherton Tableland in north Queensland, south through southeastern Queensland and along the coast and tablelands of eastern New South Wales. It is widespread in Victoria and an outlier occurs on King Island, Tasmania. This species is a small to medium sized … Read more

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Hooked Needlewood (Hakea Tephrosperma)

Hakea tephrosperma, commonly known as hooked needlewood, is a shrub or small tree species in the family Proteaceae. It grows to 8 metres high and has terete leaves that are 2 to 9 cm long and 1 to 1.6 mm wide. Racemes of cream flowers appear in the leaf axils between September and October in … Read more

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Hopbush (Dononaea viscosa)

Dodonaea viscosa is a species of flowering plant in the Dodonaea (hopbush) genus that has a cosmopolitan distribution in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia. Dodonaea is part of Sapindaceae, the soapberry family.

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Kangaroo Apple (Solanum laciniatum)

Solanum laciniatum is a soft-wooded shrub native to the east coast of Australia, notably Victoria and Tasmania. It also occurs in Western Australia and New Zealand, where some authorities consider it to be introduced. It is similar to Solanum aviculare, with which it shares the common name kangaroo apple. The common name refers to the … Read more

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Kangaroo Thorn (Acacia Paradoxa)

Acacia paradoxa is a plant in the Fabaceae family. Its common names include kangaroo thorn, prickly wattle, hedge wattle and paradox acacia. This is a large shrub up to 3 metres tall and wide. It is dense with foliage; the leaves are actually enlarged petioles known as phyllodes. They are crinkly and the new ones … Read more

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Kurrajong (Brachychiton Populneus)

Brachychiton populneus, commonly known as the Kurrajong, is a small to medium-sized tree found naturally in Australia in a diversity of habitats from wetter coastal districts to semi-arid interiors of Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland. The extended trunk is a water storage device for survival in a warm dry climate. The bell-shaped flowers are … Read more

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Mallee Wattle (Acacia Montana)

Sticky shrub or occasionally a tree to 4m tall. ‘Leaves’ alternating up the stems, 1-4.5cm long, 1.5-7mm wide, flat, hairless or sparsely hairy, shiny and/or resinous, tips rounded with a very short point. Flower heads yellow, globular, single or in pairs, the stalks arising from the bases of the ‘leaves’. Pods hairy. Description and photo … Read more

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Manna Gum (Eucalyptus Viminalis)

Eucalyptus viminalis, the manna gum, ribbon gum, white gum, or viminalis, is an Australian eucalypt. It is a straight erect tree, often around 130 feet (40 metres) tall, with rough bark on the trunk and base of larger branches, its upper bark peels away in long “ribbons” which can collect on the branches and surrounding … Read more

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Moort (Eucalyptus Platypus)

Eucalyptus platypus, also known as moort or maalok, is a species of mallee or marlock that is endemic to the southwest of Western Australia. It has smooth bark, broadly elliptical to more or less round adult leaves, flower buds in groups of nine on a broad, flattened peduncle, usually creamy white flowers and conical, down-turned … Read more

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Mugga Ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon)

Eucalyptus sideroxylon extends from near Wangaratta in northern Victoria, north along the western slopes and western plains of New South Wales, with scattered occurrences into southeastern Queensland, as far as Carnarvon Range, Waaje, Wondai State Forest, Yarraman and Goombungee. Easterly occurrences in New South Wales include near Sydney and in the Hunter Valley. This species is … Read more

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Narrow Leaved Hop Bush (Dodonaea viscosa angustissima)

The Narrow Leaved Hop Bush is a useful low-level cover in windbreaks, due to its multi-stemmed growth. It also provides a useful understorey in recharge planting and in land rehabilitation such as stabilising sand due to shallow spreading roots. It provides excellent habitat and is a good pollen source for moths, butterflies and other insects … Read more

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Prickly Moses (Acacia Verticillata)

Acacia verticillata (Prickly Moses; prickly-leaved wattle; star-leaved acacia; prickly mimosa; whorl-leaved acacia) is a perennial shrub to small tree native to south eastern Australia.

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Prickly Tea-Tree (Leptospermum Continentale)

Leptospermum continentale, commonly known as prickly tea-tree, is a species of slender, straggling shrub that is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It has sharp-pointed, narrowly egg-shaped leaves, white flowers arranged singly in leaf axils and woody fruit that remains on the plant when mature.

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Red Box (Eucalyptus polyanthemos)

Eucalyptus polyanthemos is an attractive tree and has been used in amenity plantings. Remnant trees of this species play an important role in shelter for stock and in preventing erosion. The wood of this species is very dense, makes excellent firewood and is in strong demand for this purpose throughout its range. The wood is strong, durable, dries slowly … Read more

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Red Stemmed Wattle (Acacia rubida)

Acacia rubida, commonly known as red stem wattle, red stemmed wattle or red leaved wattle, is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae that is native to parts of eastern Australia. The shrub or tree  typically grows to a height of 2 to 10 m  and has lightly fissured brown bark. … Read more

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River Bottlebrush (Callistemon Sieberi)

Callistemon sieberi is a shrub or tree growing to 8 m tall, with fibrous bark, or hard, fissured bark on older plants. It is naturally widespread along watercourses, dried and rocky riverbeds and gullies on the coast, tablelands and western slopes and plains of NSW. It occurs from Warwick in the far south east of Queensland, … Read more

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River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis)

Eucalyptus camaldulensis is one of Australia’s most widespread eucalypts.  It occurs along riverbanks, creeks and the edges of lakes of the Murray-Darling drainage basin. It extends south from southern Queensland, across most of New South Wales and Victoria, to the south east of South Australia. Populations extend to the Hunter River basin in New South Wales to … Read more

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River Sheoak (Casuarina cunninghamiana)

Casuarina cunninghamiana is a tall, nitrogen fixing tree suitable for cultivation across a wide range of climates, extending from cool temperate areas to the seasonally dry tropics. Under cultivation it tolerates drought, seasonal waterlogging and slight to moderate salinity  but requires protection from grazing animals during the establishment phase. It has been used in agroforestry, particularly where shelterbelts area … Read more

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River Teatree (Leptospermum obovatum)

Leptospermum obovatum, commonly known as River Teatree, is a species of shrub that is endemic to south-eastern continental Australia. It has egg-shaped or lance-shaped leaves that are narrower at the base, white flowers usually arranged singly on short side shoots and fruit that remains on the plant until it dies. It is a densely foliaged … Read more

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Scarlett Bottlebrush (Callistemon rugulosa)

Callistemon rugulosa, commonly known as scarlet bottlebrush, is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to South Australia and Victoria in Australia.  Callistemon coccineus and Callistemon macropunctatus are older names for Callistemon rugulosus.  It is a shrub with an open straggly habit, stiff, sharply pointed leaves and bright red bottlebrush flowers tipped … Read more

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Scented paperbark (Melaleuca squarrosa)

Melaleuca squarrosa, commonly known as scented paperbark, is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to south eastern parts of Australia, especially Tasmania. It is an attractive shrub with dense foliage and arching branches and it flowers profusely in spring or early summer, bearing spikes of perfumed yellow to white flowers.

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Silver Banksia (Banksia Marginata)

Banksia marginata, commonly known as the silver banksia, is a species of tree or woody shrub in the plant genus Banksia found throughout much of southeastern Australia. It ranges from the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia, to north of Armidale, New South Wales, and across Tasmania and the islands of Bass Strait. It grows in … Read more

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Slaty Sheoak (Allocasuarina muelleriana)

Allocasuarina muelleriana, commonly known as the slaty sheoak, is a small tree of the genus Allocasuarina native to South Australia and Victoria.  The fast growing dioecious tree typically grows to a height of 4 metres (13 ft).

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Spearwood (Acacia doratoxylon)

Acacia doratoxylon, commonly known as currawang, lancewood, spearwood or coast myall, is a shrub or tree belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae that is native to eastern and south eastern Australia. The shrub or tree typically grows to a height of 3 to 8 m and a maximum height of 10 m … Read more

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Spotted Gum (Corymbia maculata)

Corymbia maculata occurs along coastal and sub-coastal New South Wales from Manning River valley south to Bega, with an outlier to the south at Mottle Range, north eastern Victoria. Natural stands often comprise attractive trees up to 35–45 m in height, with long trunks. On exposed coastal headland sites they often have a low stunted habit. Corymbia maculata grows … Read more

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Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus Cladocalyx)

Eucalyptus cladocalyx is a commonly planted tree across southern Australia as an amenity plant, as a windbreak or shelterbelt species, or for timber and firewood production. It is drought tolerant and adaptable to a wide range of soil and climate types. The susceptibility of seedlings to frost limits its success in some areas. The wood of E. … Read more

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Swamp Gum (Eucalyptus Ovata)

Eucalyptus ovata, commonly known as swamp gum or black gum, is a small to medium-sized tree species that is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It has mostly smooth bark, glossy green, lance-shaped to egg-shaped adult leaves, green flower buds in groups of seven, white flowers and conical to bell-shaped fruit.

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Swamp Honey-Myrtle (Melaleuca squamea)

Melaleuca squamea, commonly known as swamp honey-myrtle, is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to south eastern parts of Australia, especially Tasmania. It is an erect shrub growing in damp and swampy places with crowded leaves and many heads of pink to purple flowers in spring.

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Swamp Paperbark (Melaleauca halmaturorum)

Melaleuca halmaturorum, commonly known as South Australian swamp paperbark, kangaroo honey-myrtle or salt paper-bark is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to Western Australia, South Australia and Victoria. It is often a tree with an unusual, crooked form, sometimes looking like an enlarged example of bonsai.

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Swamp Sheoak (Allocasuarina paludosa)

Allocasuarina paludosa, commonly known as the swamp sheoak or scrub sheoak, is a woody shrub of the family Casuarinaceae. It is endemic to south-eastern Australia.

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Swamp Wattle (Acacia Retinodes)

Acacia retinodes is an evergreen shrub that is native to South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. Short racemes of yellow flowers are produced periodically throughout the year.  Some common names are Retinodes water wattle, swamp wattle, wirilda, ever-blooming wattle and silver wattle.

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Sweet Bursaria (Bursaria spinulosa)

Once established Bursarias  are extremely hardy and will last 30-50 years. They are aggressive colonisers of marginal or disturbed sites and regeneration from rhizomes, e.g. after fire, can be rapid and extensive. In Victoria, on an environmental continuum with no distinct entities, it has been observed that young plants and those from drier sites tend … Read more

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Totem Poles (Melaleuca decussata)

Melaleuca decussata, commonly known as cross-leaf honey-myrtle or totem poles, is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae native to South Australia and both native and naturalised in Victoria. It is an adaptable shrub, grown in many parts of Australia for its attractive foliage but is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of Victoria.

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Varnish Wattle (Acacia Verniciflua)

Acacia verniciflua, commonly known as varnish wattle,is a shrub or small tree species that is endemic to Australia. It has an erect or spreading habit, growing to between 1 and 6 metres high, The phyllodes are often sticky and lustrous and vary in length, width and shape. The globular pale-yellow flowerheads appear in the leaf … Read more

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Varnish Wattle (Acacia verniciflua)

Acacia verniciflua, commonly known as varnish wattle, is a shrub or small tree species that is endemic to Australia.  It  grows to between 1 and 6 metres high. The phyllodes are often sticky and lustrous and vary in length, width and shape. The globular pale-yellow flowerheads appear in the leaf axils from July to November, … Read more

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Violet Kunzea (Kunzea parvifolia)

Kunzea parvifolia, commonly known as the violet kunzea, is a flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is a wiry shrub with small, narrow leaves and clusters of pink to purple flowers in spring. It usually grows to a height of 0.5–1.5 m  with its young branches covered … Read more

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Western Silver Wattle (Acacia decora)

Acacia decora is a plant native to eastern Australia. Common names include the western silver wattle and the showy wattle. The species name refers to the plant’s decorative qualities. In New South Wales, showy wattle occurs west of the Great Dividing Range while in Queensland it extends to the coast, commonly seen in semi arid … Read more

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White Box (Eucalyptus albens)

Before European settlement, white box was the dominant species found in large continuous forests stretching from Southern Queensland, through Western NSW and Victoria known as White Box Yellow Box Blakely’s (Red Gum) Woodlands. Box-Gum Grassy Woodland is now listed as a “critically endangered” ecological community under the Australian Federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act and … Read more

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White Cypress Pine (Callitris Glaucophylla)

Callitris Glaucophylla is a species of coniferous tree in the family Cupressaceae (cypress family), native to most of Australia. Common names include White Cypress-pine, Murray River Cypress-pine, and Northern Cypress-pine. It is a small evergreen tree, 4–12 m (rarely to 20 m) high, with a trunk up to 50 cm diameter. The leaves are scale-like, … Read more

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Woolly Teatree (Leptospermum lanigerum)

Leptospermum lanigerum, commonly known as the woolly teatree, is a small tree or medium shrub from the plant family Myrtaceae. Its common name derives from the conspicuously hairy capsules produced as fruit, along with the fine, silky hairs present on branches and leaves. L. lanigerum is widespread in many habitats, particularly in waterlogged areas such … Read more

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Yellow Box (Eucalyptus melliodora)

Eucalyptus melliodora is a common species in the grassy woodlands of the tablelands and western slopes of the Great Dividing Range, extending from northern Victoria, through New South Wales, with a scattered extension into southeastern Queensland as far norther as the Carnvarvon Range and to near Gladstone. This species is usually 15–30 m tall and mainly occurs on on gentle slopes, foothills or on … Read more

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Yellow Gum (Eucalyptus Leucoxylon)

Eucalyptus leucoxylon, commonly known as yellow gum, blue gum or white ironbark, is a species of small to medium-sized tree that is endemic to south-eastern continental Australia. It has smooth yellowish bark with some rough bark near the base, lance-shaped or curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of three and cylindrical, barrel-shaped or shortened … Read more

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